fbpx Skip to content

French Translation for Court Decisions: Here We Are!

Written by Me Anissa Yahiaoui

On June 1st, 2024, the legislative project of Bill 96 concerning the judgments of the Quebec courts will come into force.  As of June 1, all judgments that terminate proceedings or are in the public interest, if rendered in English, must be accompanied, without delay, by a French translation of the judgment.

Bill 96¹, passed on June 1st, 2022, aims to further promote the use of the French language and reaffirm the formal recognition of French as the only official language in Quebec. In this spirit, several provisions have come into force, at different times since June 2022, all of which are intended to strengthening the use of French in the Quebec judicial system and procedures.

It should be remembered that this text has had important implications, particularly for divided co-ownerships². Indeed, since the adoption of this bill in June 2022, declarations of co-ownership and amendments thereto must be drawn up and published in French. The same applies to all other contracts in divided co-ownership and, in particular, to the documents of the register of co-ownership, such as the by-laws of immovable, the minutes of the meetings of the co-owners or the minutes of the meetings of the board of directors³.

As for judgments, they must now be delivered in French or accompanied by a translation into French. This is likely to delay the availability of these judgments as the translation must be available without delay. The courts will be responsible for these translations and will bear the costs. However, the courts’ resources for translation are limited and it will be difficult to cope with the increase in requests, which will have the direct effect of delaying the delivery of judgments.

It is true that as of September 1st, 2022, the requirement that all land registry registration requisitions must be in French has already provided a foretaste of the challenges of  translating all documents that must or can be published in the land registry.

A judge of the Court of Quebec has already warned of this upcoming problem for the judgments to be rendered. One thing is certain, Bill 96 and the coming into force of this new provision have not stopped making noise.

[1] An Act respecting French, the official and common language of Quebec.

[2] See in particular the article by Clément Lucas on this issue https://www.djclegal.com/les-impacts-du-projet-de-loi-96-en-copropriete/

[3] Provisions 1060 and 1070.1.1 C.C.Q. as amended by provisions 127 and 128, Bill 96;

[4] Provisions 2984 and 3006 C.C.Q.

[5] https://ici.radio-canada.ca/nouvelle/2070167/loi-96-constitutionnalite-juge-cour-quebec-retard-anglais

Share on social networks

Infolettre juridique

Pour être tenu(e) informé(e) des formations gratuites et être à jour sur les nouveautés en copropriété, inscrivez-vous à notre infolettre mensuelle, l’Angle Droit!

Ajoutez votre titre ici

Speedcondo locataires